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NOP from Metop-B

Description: Near real-time (NRT) coarse resolution vertical ozone profile product provides an ozone profile from the GOME-2 nadir scanning mode, the full error covariance matrix, the retrieval noise covariance matrix, the a-priori profile, the averaging kernels and the retrieved auxiliary parameters, like surface or cloud albedo. Also included are: geo-location, the specific spectral windows used and retrieval diagnostics, like the number of iterations and spectral fit indicators.
The coarse resolution (CR) ozone profile differs from the high resolution (HR) ozone profile product in the sense that the CR uses the footprint of the Band-1a integration time, and the HR product uses footprint of the Band-1b integration time. This generally means that the CR product is 8 times as wide (cross-track) than the HR product. In order to combine the spectral information of eight Band-1b footprints onto one Band-1a footprint, the spectral information and the cloud information are averaged.

Type: Near real-time. Based on product requirements, the product files must be available to users in less than three hours from sensing.

Resolution: Coarse resolution
Metop-A: 40 x 640 km2 (24/01/2007 – 16/07/2013) and 40 x 320 km2 (16/07/2013 – present).
Metop-B: 40 x 640 km2 (12/12/2012 – present).

Theoretical basis: Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2 (GOME-2) measures the radiance spectrum of sunlight scattered from the atmosphere in the (UV) wavelength region 260-330 nm. The absorption of ozone decreases with increasing wavelength. This differential absorption makes it possible to derive the vertical distribution of ozone in the atmosphere from the measured UV spectrum.

Processing algorithm: At KNMI, Ozone ProfilE Retrieval Algorithm (OPERA) iteratively finds the vertical ozone profile best matching the GOME-2 reflectance using optimal estimation. The forward model is based on LidortA and uses an externally prescribed instrument response slit function. The a-priori ozone climatology is (currently) based on McPeters/Labow/Logan. The surface pressure and the vertical temperature profile come from operational ECMWF forecasts. Special adaptations have been made to handle spikes in the measured radiance spectrum in the South Atlantic Anomaly.

Units and spatial resolution: The vertical ozone profiles are given as partial ozone columns in Dobson Units (DU) in 40 layers from the surface up to 0.001 hPa. The ground pixel size corresponds to the footprint of the Band-1b integration time, which usually means 40 x 640 km2 (along-track x cross-track, see also resolution above).

Validation: This product is validated by DWD (Germany) and RMI (Belgium). The validations are based on detailed comparisons of the operational retrieved profiles from GOME-2 satellite data with ground-based measurements (balloon soundings, lidar and microwave radiometer measurements). Visit O3M SAF ozone profiles validation website for further information.

Online quality monitoring: The up-to-date ozone profile timeseries for Metop-A and Metop-B.

Dissemination: See NRT access information.

File format: HDF5 and BUFR.
HDF5: The product of choice for scientific users. This product contains all the profile, error and diagnostics information.
BUFR: The 'shortened' product with reduced information content for easy use in Meteorological Forecasting Models.
Each NRT ozone profile product file contains one PDU (Product Dissemination Unit), which is equal to three minutes of satellite data.

Algorithm version information:

Time period GOME-2 / Metop-A GOME-2 / Metop-B
until 30.05.2008 0.98 N.A.
30.05.2008 – 09.12.2008 0.99 N.A.
09.12.2008 – 09.11.2009 1.00 N.A.
09.11.2009 – 29.04.2010 1.01 N.A.
29.04.2010 – 13.05.2013 1.10 N.A.
13.05.2013 – 15.07.2013 1.11 N.A.
15.07.2013 – 23.02.2015 1.11 1.11
23.02.2015 onwards 1.12 1.12

Important changes in the latest algorithm version (1.12):